The keto diet puts the body into a state of ketosis. This is when it burns fat for fuel, instead of carbohydrates. It causes the body to burn off stored fat, turning it into ketones for energy.
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So it’s no surprise those looking to lose weight are trying out the plan.
What makes the diet unique is the fact that those who follow it get 70 percent of their calories from fat at least.
By eating a tiny amount of carbs cels in the body use fat as a fuel.
Just 10 percent of calories on the keto diet should come from carbohydrates.
People vary the amount of carbs they eat on the diet.
One study cut down carb intake in adults to less than 21 grams a day and subjects experienced ketosis.
Another study allowed adults 20 to 50 grams of carbs per day.
An article from the Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health said: “The ketogenic diet typically reduces total carbohydrate intake to less than 50 grams a day — less than the amount found in a medium plain bagel — and can be as low as 20 grams a day.
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“Generally, popular ketogenic resources suggest an average of 70 to 80 percent fat from total daily calories, 5 to 10 percent carbohydrate, and 10 to 20 percent protein.”
Eating too many carbs is the very first hurdle to fall at when it comes to keto.
Complex carbs like bread, bagels and pasta are out of the question on the keto diet.
The only carbs suitable are green vegetables and some berries in small amounts.
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Fitness expert Daniel Herman told Express.co.uk: “A keto or ketogenic diet is a very low-carb diet (not no carb), which turns the body into a fat-burning machine.
“It has many proven benefits for weight loss, health and performance, as millions of people have experienced already.
“On a ketogenic diet, your entire body switches its fuel supply to run almost entirely on fat.
“Insulin levels become very low, and fat burning increases dramatically. It becomes easy to access your fat stores to burn them off.
“This is obviously great if you’re trying to lose weight, but there are also other less obvious benefits, such as less hunger and a steady supply of energy.”
Adding a certain oil to the diet boosts keto diet results.
Coconut oil can speed up the process of transitioning to ketosis.
This is because of the kind of fats in the oil, namely medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs).
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