Dough may be prepared through Step 2 up to 24 hours in advance and refrigerated in a resealable plastic bag. If you’d prefer to make individual buns, weigh out 4-ounce/120-gram pieces of dough. Form into balls, then flatten. Place 3 inches apart on an oiled, cornmeal-dusted baking sheet. Cover loosely with a damp kitchen towel, and let rise until doubled, about 30 minutes. Bake at 400 degrees for 15 minutes, until nicely browned.


  1. 1.25 cups warm water
  2. 1.5 tsp dry active yeast
  3. 3 tbsp olive oil
  4. 2 tsp minced rosemary
  5. 1.5 cups bread flour
  6. 1 2/3 cups all-purpose flour
  7. 1.5 tsp kosher salt


  1. In the mixing bowl of a stand mixer, combine water and yeast, stirring to dissolve. Add 3 tablespoons oil and rosemary. Add bread flour and mix, using dough hook, to make a stiff batter. Let sit at room temperature until bubbly and doubled in size, about 20 minutes.

  2. Add all-purpose flour and salt. Mix at low speed until dough comes together. Continue mixing for 10 minutes, until smooth.

  3. Remove dough hook and cover bowl with plastic wrap. Let dough rise until doubled, about 40 minutes. Punch down dough, remove from bowl and knead briefly on work surface. Dough should be soft and slightly sticky. Dust with about 2 tablespoons all-purpose flour, if necessary, for easier handling.

  4. Using a rolling pin, stretch the dough into a rectangle about 10 by 14 inches. Cover loosely with plastic wrap, and let relax for 10 minutes.

  5. Grease a 9-by-12-inch rimmed baking sheet with 1 tablespoon olive oil. Dust bottom of pan lightly with cornmeal.

  6. Transfer dough to baking sheet, and, using your hands, stretch it to the edges of the baking sheet. Dough will spring back: Let it rest again for a few minutes; it may take several attempts to fill entire baking sheet evenly.

  7. Cover stretched dough loosely with a damp kitchen towel (or use an inverted rimmed baking sheet), set in a somewhat-warm place, and let rise to top of baking sheet, or slightly higher, about 40 minutes.

  8. Heat oven to 400 degrees. Uncover and bake for 35 to 40 minutes, until nicely browned. Cool on a rack and cut into 4-inch squares. (The extra focaccia trimmings are delicious toasted.) Split squares horizontally and reheat before serving.

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